Video: How to Learn a Language in a Foreign Country…
In David Mansaray’s latest video he asks interpreter and translater Robert Bigler for his views on learning a language in a foreign country. In the video, Robert also discussed how he actively studies languages.
In my opinion, this is one of the best advice videos on learning languages. It’s that good. Actually, this video is what I’ve come to expect from David. David’s How to Use Motivation Effectively video is brilliant.
How to learn a language in a foreign country…
Not everyone will sit still to listen to videos – I often don’t – so I extracted the main talking points for you. Btw… if you want to listen to the interview via audio, here’s the Mp3:
My original intention was to share only the bare basics, but I found so MUCH good stuff I asked David for permission to post the full list. Thank you for your generosity David!
And while I’m handing out thanks, thank you for introducing us to Robert too. He’s a jewel :-)
If you enjoyed the video as much as I did, please leave comments on David’s YouTube channel: How to Learn a Language in a Foreign Country.
In the interview Robert gives advice on learning resources. I’ve added top favourites for learning Thai to the post below. I could easily add more but I ran out of time. If you have other suggestions, please do share them in the comments.
Talking points: How to Learn a Language in a Foreign Country…
Prepare yourself: get as much information about the country as possible, acquire enough of the language to have a basic conversation, be open-minded and interested in the language as well as the culture and people.
The bare essentials: a good dictionary with sample sentences, basic grammar book, self-study course with dialogs, a good phrase book.
Instead of buying ten books and merely glancing at each, take one small book to focus on.
Dictionaries with phrases:
Domnern Sathienpong Thai-English dictionary (hardcopy with CD)
New Model English-Thai Dictionary ฉบับห้องสมุด (Set) (ปกแข็ง) (hardcopy)
P. Sethaputra English-Thai Dictionary of Contemporary Usage (paperback)
Thai-language.com dictionary (online)
Thai2English dictionary (online)
Thai: An Essential Grammar (hardcopy) and Kindle edition
Thai Reference Grammar: The Structure of Spoken Thai (hard copy)
Essential Thai (hard copy)
FSI Materials: Thai Language Wiki
ITS4Thai online and iOS apps
Teach Yourself Thai Complete (hard copy)
Thai for Beginners (hard copy) and iPhone, iPod Touch & iPad App
Thai language products at Paiboon Publishing
Learn Thai Podcast (online and iTunes)
L-Lingo Thai (online) and iOS iPad
WLT: David Smyth Updates Teach Yourself Thai
WLT: ITS4Thai DRAW + iPhone and iPad Review
WLT: Thai for Beginners iPhone App
WLT: Review: Learn Thai Podcast Relaunches!
WLT: Using the Assimil Method with Essential Thai
Start with natural material as soon as possible: radio programs, newspaper articles, magazines, on subjects you are interested in.
Use frequency lists. The same 3-4000 words come up all the time. Learn them. Work with them. If you don’t understand something, ask people to explain.
You’ll notice that Chula’s list is all in Thai. When I asked Mark Hollow (programmer) about the English he graciously created several versions for download. The subject is too big for this post so I’ll share vocabulary and frequency lists in a coming post.
Words, phrases, conversations…
Learn phrases you’ll use in discussions pertinent to your life: who you are, where you are from, what you do, how old you are, etc.
Have a basic set of structures: how to say what happened in the past, what is going on right now, what’s going to happen in the future.
Anticipate likely conversations, prepare your replies, talk to yourself in the foreign language, rehearse as if you are on stage.
When preparing for conversations on certain subjects write down repeatedly used words and expressions. Go through them. The words you lacked in previous conversations are the words you need to focus on.
If you hear a nice expression use it in your next sentence. Make sentences out of the words you’ve just heard.
When you have problems with expressing yourself, immediately look it up. If there is something you cannot say because you don’t know the word, look up that word.
Don’t learn words on their own without context. If you learn them in context you will get exposure to the words and structures. Exposure is the key.
You don’t need a lot of material but you have to be able to reproduce them automatically so it’s essential to actually speak the language. You need to get used to talking. Your muscles need to be trained.
How to listen…
Be a good listener. You will benefit from the wealth of knowledge received from the person you are talking to.
To get into the flow of the language listen to audio. Get a lot of exposure by listening. Listening helps to practice the language passively. Listen carefully and attentively. Don’t listen in the background.
Create a natural environment…
Create a natural environment by getting involved in discussions of interest on TV and radio. Sitcoms are a great way to get use to structures that come up in everyday conversation. If you lack the words to get your point across in your fake conversation, look them up. Keep talking. Say something like, “I’m sorry I have to look up the word”.
Tips on reading, writing, speaking…
Writing and reading is the whole package. When it comes to internalising grammatical structures and vocabulary, writing does a lot.
Write by hand, not by using the computer.
Copy books. Look at the words. Really get involved. Read the sentences out loud. Write them. Look at them. Get embedded in the language environment.
Speak it. You need to speak it. Read it aloud. If you feel uncomfortable taking to yourself, read an article you are interested in.
WLT: Andrew Biggs is Tongue Thai’d on YouTube
WLT: AUA Thai: FREE Reading and Writing Videos
WLT: Download 12 FREE Manee Books
WLT: Free Online Thai Readers
WLT: FREE Resource: Thai Reader Project
WLT: Thai-English Readers with Mp3s
WLT: The Easy Way for Beginners to Read and Write Thai
For language exchange using email, you both choose the topics you are interested in. Each prepares text. Each corrects the other’s. You have the time to work with whatever tool you feel comfortable with (a dictionary, sentences from books, etc).
Meeting native speakers…
When going abroad for an extended period of time, try to meet people by: joining clubs, fitness clubs, playing sports, and doing volunteer work.
Volunteer work is the best way to actually live with the people and not just beside them or next to them.
Be honest enough to tell people that you appreciate being corrected. Encourage people to correct you. Ask them to help you out. But also ask them not to judge you. There is a major difference between correcting somebody and judging somebody.
But it’s not the mistakes you should be worrying about. It is not being told about your mistakes.
It’s very important, especially in the beginning stages, that you meet someone you feel comfortable with to talk to.
When you get to the stage where you are open enough to actually learn from others without feeling bad for making mistakes, then you will be really successful.
Making progress is why it’s very important to have somebody around you who is understanding, but is also honest enough to actually tell you what you are saying wrong.
How to deal with communication snafus…
There will be moments of frustration, even when you believe that you are well-prepared. When this happens, don’t give up. Keep practicing.
You will make a lot of mistakes and at first might not understand much of what they are saying. When you make mistakes ask people to help you out.
When you struggle in conversation, once back at home get out your dictionary and turn to the subject at hand.
A final word from David Mansaray…
When it comes to spoken language people are willing to let some things go, but when it comes to writing people are a lot more sensitive to mistakes. They are going to be a lot more honest when correcting your mistakes. Writing is a great tool for the shy because you don’t have to immediately deal with that confrontation, you can look at your own mistakes to see where to improve.
It’s really important to have someone that you trust to help you with your language. Who you practice language with is also very important. When going through the stages you can be physiologically fragile. If you are not corrected in a friendly way then you can lose confidence in yourself, and that can make you retreat.
Where to find David and Robert…
Please join me in congratulating David and Robert on their fabulous video at: How to Learn a Language in a Foreign Country.